For successful IVF egg retrieval, it is important to recover a sufficient number of healthy mature eggs cells. The follicles are bags filled with fluid and are found in the woman’s ovaries. All women have them, and each of the bubbles contains an immature egg. Each month, some bubbles develop due to certain hormones. The most potent bubble attracts the stimulating follicle hormone (FSH). FSH is produced by the pituitary gland. Ovulation occurs when the hormone breaks the bubble to release the egg, and the remaining parts of the bladder die.
For in vitro fertilization to be successful, more than a mature egg is needed. The goal of the endocrinologist is to eliminate all viable follicles for fertilization. Women take hormone-based drugs to stimulate the production of live hair follicles artificially. The hormones can be injected by subcutaneous injection or consumed orally. It takes about ten days.
The time of egg collection is very important. Too big bubbles mean that the eggs will be too ripe for fertilization. The ultrasound is done to control the development of the hair follicles and, at the right time, the eggs can be collected.
Receiving eggs is usually a simple process and takes place in hospitals or fertility clinics. The process involves removing the follicles from the ovaries with a follicular aspirator. Doctors place the needle in the upper part of the vagina in the ovaries and suck the hair follicles.
The doctor uses a transvaginal ultrasound to indicate the needle in the right place. Anesthesia is used so that the woman does not feel pain during the whole process. Then, the bubbles are examined under the microscope to detect the presence of live eggs and, if present, they are placed in an incubator.
The process of recovery of the ovules lasts approximately half an hour and can recover 5 to 20 eggs, depending on the age of the woman or the effect of the fertility drugs. After surgery, you may feel sensitive in the abdomen, and there may be mild vaginal areas that are usually quite normal. After two hours of rest, the woman can return home and receive antibiotics to prevent infection.